‘Jurassic Park’ may have undergone an expansion to become ‘Jurassic World’, but if there is one unifying element in all the movies, it is the raptor – the intelligent, social pack-hunting dinosaur. This fan-favorite has undergone serious character development since the 1993 hit movie. ‘Jurassic Park’ essentially created  a worldwide obsession with raptors: loyal companions like dogs, coordinated group-hunters like wolves, and clever hunters than can take down larger prey.  However, how much of this science fiction is actually fiction? Were Velociraptors actually pack-hunters? 

Of course, it’s not possible to actually investigate real raptors these days, but scientists can use living relatives, modern reptiles like Komodo dragons and crocodiles, to make educated inferences. Both of these groups hunt the same animals as adults, but these living counterparts of dinosaurs never hunt in packs, and researchers have associated this lack of social hunting with  other asocial habits, such as eating their own young. The young Komodo dragon’s dietary diversity is a result of the babies escaping to live in trees to avoid being eaten by adults and finding a larger variety of food in trees. The researchers claim this dietary diversity early in life is rarely found in pack-hunting animals, where the old and the young share food. 

And the old adage is true – you are what you eat. The chemical composition of the body is directly dictated by diet, and specifically the teeth of young and old members of a pack should have the same chemical composition, or close to it. If raptors were not pack hunters, on the other hand, then the chemical composition of young and old teeth should be different. Researchers analysed tooth carbonate of D. antirrhopus (the actual animal Jurassic Park’s raptors are based on) and crocodilians from excavation microsites dating back to the Cretaceous Period (145-66 million years ago) by using stable isotopes of carbon and oxygen. Both the Cretaceous crocodilians and raptors’ smallest and largest teeth showed different average carbon isotope values, indicating differences in diet. That is, they consumed different prey as they grew. Such behavior, similar to modern asocial reptiles, is typical of parent animals that do not feed their young. This suggests that raptors were solitary eaters, and therefore solitary hunters as well. 

Vertebrate paleontologist Joseph Frederickson headed the research and encourages using this method to analyze hunting patterns of other extinct animals. The study relies on secondary research, drawing similarities between raptorial dinosaurs and the Komodo dragon and crocodiles, as well as tooth composition analysis to show dietary habits, extending to hunting habits. The study also presents the asocial instincts of modern carnivorous reptiles as indicative of solitary hunting habits – which might not be a universal rule. While the plausible assumptions in the study reveal new findings, developing other innovative methods to validate these findings or the assumptions would help solidify the conclusions of this research.

Managing Correspondent: Rhea Grover

Press Article: The movie ‘Jurassic Park’ got it wrong: Raptors don’t hunt in packs on ScienceDaily

Original Science Article: Ontogenetic dietary shifts in Deinonychus antirrhopus (Theropoda; Dromaeosauridae): Insights into the ecology and social behavior of raptorial dinosaurs through stable isotope analysis on ScienceDirect

Image Credits: Flickr

10 thoughts on “‘Jurassic Park’ was wrong: Study suggests raptors didn’t hunt in packs

  1. This theory was going great until you compared velociraptors to Komodo dragons. It may be true that they didn’t hunt in packs, but they are closely related to modern day raptors like bald eagles. Bald eagles in fact do keep their chicks well fed. Velociraptors probably didn’t live together, but countless evidence states that they were smart. Though not as smart as dolphins there were more than just mindless killing machines and probably were smart enough to understand that they need each other to take large animals down. They could probably communicate with series of sound as well. It is also likely that they were smart enough to help each other when the other wants it. Most of this article shown above is generally out there comparing them to modern day reptiles rather than birds.

  2. This feels weird and wrong. Komodo dragons and crocodiles are both far more related to each other than to birds or any other kind of dinosaur, so comparing those is kind of dumb; the only traits they really share is a vague relation and being predators. Further if you look at, for example, some ostriches or even waterfowl you’ll find that the chicks are fed and taught to hunt on grubs, insects, and easy prey, while the grown animal is hunting smaller fish, small mammals, lizards, etc as coordination and speed improves; not all birds regurgitate their meal into their chick’s mouth, and basing this theory off birds will most certainly yield better results. Further one could point out that many birds do indeed hunt socially–some of which don’t even tend their young very well if at all–often to take down much larger prey. Why not use them as an example and test their composition instead of not very related lizards? Feels like bad science tbh

  3. That might be true, but scientists and paleontologists have evidence that it is extremely likely to prove that, not only velociraptors, but other species too, like Utahraptor, Microraptor, Oviraptor, etc. True, ‘Jurassic Park’ has a lot of fake stuff in it like velociraptors are only 2-3 feet tall, not eight, but velociraptors have been pack hunters even though its in a sci-fi movie. Plus, a group of paleontologists found a group of velociraptor fossils in the same spot in the deserts of Mongolia. Also, where is your proof? Most of this stuff looks like opinion to me.

    1. There’s more evidence clearly showing pack behavior … 1. And Jurassic Park’s story line you obviously didn’t get 2.

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