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Catching Cancer: Blood Test for Early-Stage Diagnosis

What is the difference between a normal cell and a cancer cell? The answer lies in their DNA. Cancer results from the accumulation of genetic mutations, which trigger uncontrolled cell growth. Cancer’s mutated DNA can reveal its presence early on in the disease. Like leaving fingerprints at a crime scene, tumor cells release small pieces of DNA into the bloodstream. This “circulating tumor DNA” can now … Continue reading Catching Cancer: Blood Test for Early-Stage Diagnosis

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Hold Artificial Intelligence Accountable

by Chamith Fonseka figures by Rebecca Senft The concept of artificial intelligence (AI) tends to evoke images of self-aware computers and robots – Knight Rider, Wall-E, the Terminator – but for the most part, this technology is, for now, restricted to fiction and film. In that time, however, artificial intelligence has already become embedded in everyday life, playing a role in everything from online shopping … Continue reading Hold Artificial Intelligence Accountable

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Dances with Chatbots: Interviews at the forefront of AI technology

by Katherine Wu I don’t have many fond memories from middle school. The few bright spots that do exist in my memory, though, revolve around the three essential pillars: television, books, and AOL Instant Messenger. There were few things as satisfying as logging on to AIM and finding a Buddy List populated with the dorky screen names of dozens of my friends. Whether they were … Continue reading Dances with Chatbots: Interviews at the forefront of AI technology

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AI in Video Games: Toward a More Intelligent Game

by Harbing Lou figures by Shannon McArdel AI, the foundation of all video games If you have ever played a video game, you have interacted with artificial intelligence (AI). Regardless of whether you prefer race-car games like Need for Speed, strategy games like Civilization, or shooting games like Counter Strike, you will always find elements controlled by AI. AIs are often behind the characters you … Continue reading AI in Video Games: Toward a More Intelligent Game

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How Artificial Intelligence Will Revolutionize the Energy Industry

by Franklin Wolfe figures by Franklin Wolfe and Kimia Mavon Earlier this year, Bill Gates, founder of Microsoft and the richest man on Earth, wrote an essay online at “The blog of Bill Gates,” to college students graduating worldwide in 2017. He stated, “If I were starting out today… I would consider three fields. One is artificial intelligence (AI). We have only begun to tap … Continue reading How Artificial Intelligence Will Revolutionize the Energy Industry

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The History of Artificial Intelligence

by Rockwell Anyoha Can Machines Think? In the first half of the 20th century, science fiction familiarized the world with the concept of artificially intelligent robots. It began with the “heartless” Tin man from the Wizard of Oz and continued with the humanoid robot that impersonated Maria in Metropolis. By the 1950s, we had a generation of scientists, mathematicians, and philosophers with the concept of … Continue reading The History of Artificial Intelligence

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Software Complementing Hardware: Artificial intelligence in the clinic

by Sherif Gerges figures by Olivia Foster Most of a physician’s working hours involve pattern recognition and high-level problem solving. Throughout his or her professional tenure, a dermatologist will analyze over two hundred thousand skin lesions, while a radiologist will look at millions of medical images. Yet becoming sufficiently proficient at diagnosing these images is no cakewalk: physicians spend decades building a mental reference database … Continue reading Software Complementing Hardware: Artificial intelligence in the clinic