3D printed corals grow algae that photosynthesize more efficiently

Central to coral reefs around the world is the deeply interdependent relationship between corals and algae. This interconnection is responsible for algae’s protected habitat, corals’ bright colors, and the mutual exchange of nutrients for photosynthesis. Algae growth is modulated by a process called self-shading, decreasing exposure to light. In an artificial setup, however, this process prevents researchers from growing coral quickly. To prevent this light … Continue reading 3D printed corals grow algae that photosynthesize more efficiently

Modern Drug Discovery: Why is the drug development pipeline full of expensive failures?

by Sebastian Rowe What would you do if I gave you $2.6 billion? For pharmaceutical companies, the answer is develop a drug. Not a handful, not a few… a single drug. $2.6 billion is the estimated development cost of each Food and Drug Administration (FDA)-approved drug. For perspective, 48 new medicines were FDA approved in 2019. Therefore, the total development cost of all the approved … Continue reading Modern Drug Discovery: Why is the drug development pipeline full of expensive failures?

A Bird’s-Eye View of Earth: Petabytes of satellite data at our fingertips

by Tianjia Liu figures by Catherine Ding On December 7, 1972, the Apollo 17 crew captured the iconic “Blue Marble” photo, a bird’s-eye view of the Earth from 29,000 kilometers above ground. We have long been fascinated by space and the unknown, but here we stopped and looked back at our home. This snapshot marks the first time a person took a photo of Earth … Continue reading A Bird’s-Eye View of Earth: Petabytes of satellite data at our fingertips

How Sour Sensor Proteins Turn Lemons into Lemonade

by Xiaomeng Han How many times have you heard the age-old proverb “When life gives you lemons, make lemonade” and pulled yourself together to face life’s difficulties with a can-do attitude? But have you ever imagined if life gives lemons (literally) to lab mice that they could make lemonade as well? In a study published last fall, Dr. Jin Zhang and colleagues in Prof. Charles … Continue reading How Sour Sensor Proteins Turn Lemons into Lemonade